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Vitamin D Supplements Do Not Appear to Lower Blood Pressure (17 Mar 2015)

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Vitamin D supplements do not effectively lower blood pressure, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis in JAMA Internal Medicine. Low serum vitamin D levels have previously been associated with elevated blood pressure and cardiovascular events.

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ACP Recommends Against Screening Asymptomatic Adults for Cardiac Disease (17 Mar 2015)

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The American College of Physicians has recommended that clinicians should not screen low-risk, asymptomatic adults for heart disease.

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More Information Emerges About the PCSK9 Inhibitors (15 Mar 2015)

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New information emerged today about two new cholesterol-lowering drugs that have been attracting a lot of attention. Data about the PCSK9 inhibitors — evolocumab, under development by Amgen, and alirocumab, under development by Sanofi and Regeneron — were presented at the American College of Cardiology meeting in San Diego and published simultaneously in the New England Journal of…

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The Coffee Conundrum – What Do You Say to Your Patient? (9 Mar 2015)

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John Ryan, MD

John Ryan presents a scenario based on a recent study’s findings that people who consume moderate amounts of coffee may be less likely to have atherosclerosis.

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Moderate Coffee Consumption Linked to Lower Coronary Calcium (2 Mar 2015)

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The relationship of coffee and cardiovascular disease has been difficult to assess. Although early studies found a possible increased risk associated with heavy coffee consumption, more recent studies have found the opposite. Now a new study published in Heart finds that people who consume moderate amounts of coffee may be less likely to have atherosclerosis. In…

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Study Links Sauna Use to Better Health — In Finland (23 Feb 2015)

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Spending more time in the sauna may lead to a longer and healthier life — at least if you live in Finland, according to a new study published in JAMA Internal Medicine. Finnish researchers analyzed data from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. The new analysis focused on 2,315 middle-aged men who had 1, 2-3, or…

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Study Tests Very Simple High-Fiber Diet (16 Feb 2015)

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Diets notoriously fail to help people lose a lot of weight. One problem is that most diets include a broad range of restrictions and guidelines that many people find difficult to follow. Another problem is that negative recommendations may have unintended consequences, such as low-fat recommendations leading to increased consumption of refined carbohydrates. Now a…

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Cardiovascular Risk Calculators Overestimate (16 Feb 2015)

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Calculating cardiovascular risk has become a central and highly controversial component of cardiovascular guidelines. Now a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine finds that most of the commonly employed tools seriously overestimate the risk of people today. Researchers used data from 4,227 people enrolled in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) between 2000 and 2002 to assess the…

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Discontinuing Aspirin for Primary Prevention: What Do You Say to Your Patient? (12 Feb 2015)

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Harlan M. Krumholz, MD, SM

In this scenario based on a study that found once-daily, low-dose aspirin did not significantly reduce the risk for CV events among older patients with atherosclerotic risk factors, Harlan Krumholz asks, “What do you say to your patient?”

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New US Guidelines Will Lift Limits on Dietary Cholesterol (11 Feb 2015)

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The influential Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee has recommended that limitations on dietary cholesterol be removed from the upcoming 2015 edition of Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Recommendations to reduce dietary cholesterol have been a mainstay of the USDA and other guidelines for many years, starting with guidance from the American Heart Association in the 1960s. The…

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